3 - 30 years 

Research Projects

NCAR

Research Project: CCSM4

Description/Overview: NCAR/UCAR Research Applications Laboratory's Climate Inspector Web Tool: Based upon the NCAR Community Climate System Model (CCSM4), is an interactive web application that employs GIS mapping and graphics to visualize temperature and precipitation changes throughout the 21st Century.

Timeline: Decadal

Supplemental  Links: https://gisclimatechange.ucar.edu/inspector

   http://www.ral.ucar.edu/projects/hfip/d2014/models/regional.php

Research Project: WEAP

Description/Overview: The Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) System. WEAP was developed by  the Stockhom Environment Institute (SEI) for water resource planning.  WEAP is a user-friendly software tool that takes an integrated approach to water resources planning.                                                               

Timeline: Monthly-Years

Supplemental Links: https://eponline.com/articles/2009/01/06/awwarf-changes-name-in-2009.aspx

http://www.weap21.org/

http://www.isse.ucar.edu/awwarf/models.jsp

Research Project: NCAR-AwwaRF-RCP

Description/Overview: NCAR/UCAR Climate Change and Water Resources: This project was sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Awwa Research Foundation (AwwaRF) that advises climate is one of many sources if uncertainty affecting water utilities.  Regional Climate-Change Projection from Multi-Model Ensembles is a statistical analysis of the projections made by different climate models.  A Bayesian statistical model is used to synthesize the information in an ensemble of global climate models into a probability density function of change in temperature or precipitation for a given geographic region.  Projections for 9 regions in the continental United States for 2050 and 2090 in certain regions are generated. In terms of world data climate-change projections for each of 24 regions have been calculated used in IPCC assessment reports.

Timeline: Decadal

Supplemental Links: http://rcpm.ucar.edu/

http://rcpm.ucar.edu/ipcc.html

NOAA

Research Project: Cloud-Turning Coupled Model

Description/Overview: Clouds remain one of the largest sources of uncertainty in predictions from climate models. Globally, clouds cool the Earth through the net effect of two opposing contributions: cooling from reflection of incoming solar radiation and warming from trapping of infrared radiation emitted by the Earth. By comparison, the cooling effect of clouds is estimated to be about six times larger than the warming effect resulting from the increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gases since 1750. This is why uncertainties in the representation of clouds can have considerable impact on the simulated climate.

Timeline: Decadal-Centennial

Supplemental Links: http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/index/news-app/story.78/title.cloud-tuning-in-a-coupled-climate-model-impact-on-20th-century-warming

Research Project: CMIP5

Description/Overview: Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) decadal prediction experiments are designed to assess the predictability of climate (natural and forced) changes on time scales up to 10 years. 

Timeline: Decadal-Centennial

Supplemental Links: http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/multi-decadal-prediction-stream

        http://cmip-pcmdi.llnl.gov/cmip5/experiment_design.html        

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1